Certificate of Registration Media number Эл #ФС77-53688 of 17 April 2013. ISSN 2308-6033. DOI 10.18698/2308-6033
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Simulating air distribution system for civil aircraft

Published: 08.02.2021

Authors: Gusarkin S.N., Skidanov S.N.

Published in issue: #2(110)/2021

DOI: 10.18698/2308-6033-2021-2-2054

Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Design, construction and production of aircraft

The paper considers an air distribution system for a pressurized cabin in a civil aircraft. We propose a method for simulating this system that involves developing a one-dimensional model based on hydraulic computation results for the three-dimensional geometry of the distribution system structure. This approach makes it possible to recompute air distribution in large branching systems relatively quickly and with sufficient accuracy when making changes to their design. The advantages of this method include lower computing costs and lower labour intensity compared to using a modern CFD software package to simulate a full three-dimensional flow in the distribution system structure. The paper describes the operation of the air distribution system prototype and presents the schematic diagram and the functional flow block diagram of the system. We show how to use three-dimensional simulation to determine the discharge characteristics of system pipelines. We present the numerical model constructed for the system and display the capabilities of this model in static and dynamic simulation modes. We analysed the simulation results and confirmed the possibility of using the method proposed for engineering computations. We validated the numerical model using experimental investigation results obtained by means of an empirical test bench simulating the air distribution system prototype.

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