Certificate of Registration Media number Эл #ФС77-53688 of 17 April 2013. ISSN 2308-6033. DOI 10.18698/2308-6033
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Design features of lifting body aircraft

Published: 22.10.2013

Authors: Minenko V.E., Semenenko A.N., Shilyaeva E.N.

Published in issue: #7(19)/2013

DOI: 10.18698/2308-6033-2013-7-862

Category: Engineering | Chapter: Rocket and space technology

The article discusses several notable projects of "lifting body" type landers, developed both in our country and abroad. A comparative analysis of the key design characteristics of vehicles was performed and examined their possible usage in future space programs for both unmanned and manned spacecrafts, the orbital destination spacecraft and lunar missions programs. The general requirements for equipment, structure and thermal protection of landers are described. We considered the mass characteristics of re-entry vehicles, depending on the purpose of the landing vehicle, dimensions and aerodynamic form. Layout diagrams for some lander types are presented. The comparison analyses of design features are provided for "lifting body" type and "rolling" type "Union" or "Apollo" vehicles. In the article also considered the problem of safe landing of "lifting body" type landers and given thoughts about the usefulness of alternative landing ways. It is noted that implementation of rotary or turbojet planting systems will allow developing a set of landers such as orbital, lunar or Mars Expeditionary Complex, where the problem of minimizing of mass characteristics is emphasized. The results of "lifting body" type landers research project can be used by students in the preparation course and diploma projects.