Certificate of Registration Media number Эл #ФС77-53688 of 17 April 2013. ISSN 2308-6033. DOI 10.18698/2308-6033
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Features of construction and possible use of powerful nuclear power plants of advanced spacecraft

Published: 19.06.2019

Authors: Akimov V.N., Zakharenkov L.E., Karevskiy A.V., Kuvshinova E.Yu., Semenkin A.V., Solodukhin A.E.

Published in issue: #6(90)/2019

DOI: 10.18698/2308-6033-2019-6-1889

Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Thermal, Electric Jet Engines, and Power Plants of Aircrafts

The purpose of the study was to examine the use of spacecraft based on a nuclear power propulsion system in performing long-term tasks in space. The system uses a nuclear power plant to generate electrical energy, and electric propulsion engines to create thrust and control the apparatus. The study shows the advantages of using nuclear power plants when organizing missions in the near and outer space. First, we formulate the requirements for the characteristics of spacecraft with a nuclear power plant designed to perform various missions. Then, we consider the composition and principle of operation of a nuclear power plant and assess the effectiveness of the use of a space tug on the basis of a powerful nuclear power unit when solving problems of cargo transportation in space. Finally, we give recommendations for the construction, control algorithms and experimental development of a nuclear power plant

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