Certificate of Registration Media number Эл #ФС77-53688 of 17 April 2013. ISSN 2308-6033. DOI 10.18698/2308-6033
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Low-orbit spacecraft for highly detailed observation with a long lifetime in working orbits with an altitude below four hundred kilometers

Published: 10.12.2021

Authors: Volotsuev V.V.

Published in issue: #12(120)/2021

DOI: 10.18698/2308-6033-2021-12-2135

Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Design, construction and production of aircraft

The paper analyzes mass-dimensional design parameters of the optical-electronic equipment for Earth’s remote sensing from heights in the range of 300...400 km. Within the research, we carried out the synthesis of a mirror-lens telescopic complex with an additional rotary mirror tilted to the optical axis of the main mirror and selected the design parameters from the conditions for ultra-high spatial resolution satellite images. Furthermore, we analyzed the mass-dimensional parameters of the spacecraft as a whole, the parameters allowing for the smaller effect of the Earth’s upper atmosphere on the evolution of the parameters of the working orbit. To maintain the radius of the low working orbit of the spacecraft for seven years, an electric propulsion system is proposed. To compensate for the aerodynamic drag force in the investigated range of heights and in any conditions of the upper atmosphere, a thrust force of no more than 18 milliNewtons is sufficient. The reserves of the mass of the working body for the operation of the electric propulsion system depend on the design-ballistic parameters of the spacecraft and the required lifetime in a given working orbit.

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