Certificate of Registration Media number Эл #ФС77-53688 of 17 April 2013. ISSN 2308-6033. DOI 10.18698/2308-6033
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The Reynolds number and flaperon deflection influence taken into account when optimizing the wing airfoil of an unmanned aerial vehicle

Published: 19.11.2020

Authors: Kochurova N.I., Parkhaev Ye.S., Semenchikov N.V.

Published in issue: #11(107)/2020

DOI: 10.18698/2308-6033-2020-11-2030

Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Aerodynamics and Heat Transfer Processes in Aircrafts

The paper considers the solutions to the multicriteria problem of optimizing the wing airfoil of a miniature unmanned aerial vehicle (MUAV) under various constraints. The study introduces the statement of the problem of multicriteria optimization of the airfoil shape, following the condition of MUAV horizontal flight, with an additional condition associated with a change in the flight Reynolds number of the MUAV wing. This statement of the problem allows us to optimize the airfoil, taking into account the load on the wing of the designed vehicle. The wing airfoil was optimized in a wide range of lift coefficients of Cya and Reynolds numbers. The study shows that taking into account the Reynolds number makes it possible to improve the quality of the result obtained during optimization, and introduces a technique for multicriteria optimization of the wing airfoil with sealed mechanization, i.e. with flaperon. Findings of research show that for equal values of the relative thickness, the mechanized airfoil obtained as a result of optimization has a lower center line camber (by 1.5%) than the optimized airfoil without mechanization, due to which a gain in the drag coefficient is achieved at close to zero values of the lift coefficient. The study shows how profitable the use of a wing airfoil with a flaperon on MUAV wings can be, in contrast to an airfoil without mechanization.

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