Certificate of Registration Media number Эл #ФС77-53688 of 17 April 2013. ISSN 2308-6033. DOI 10.18698/2308-6033
  • Русский
  • Английский

Study of a population of space debris objects with a high area-to-mass ratio in high Earth orbits

Published: 07.02.2020

Authors: Agapov V.M., Molotov I.E., Borovin G.K., Streltsov A.I.

Published in issue: #2(98)/2020

DOI: 10.18698/2308-6033-2020-2-1958

Category: Aviation and Rocket-Space Engineering | Chapter: Aircraft Dynamics, Ballistics, Motion Control

The data on 498 space debris objects with a high area-to-mass ratio (HAMR) detected in 2016–2017 were analyzed to identify possible candidates for the role of "parent objects". As a result, the origin of several HAMR fragments was determined. These fragments separated from three different large objects in the geostationary orbit (GEO) region, including two functioning spacecraft and one rocket launcher stage. Observations of these three objects showed that there were no noticeable differences in their light curves, which indicates the absence of significant changes in the geometric shape, reflective characteristics and motion parameters relative to the center of mass. At least, both spacecraft continued to perform retention maneuvers in their positions on the GEO, and no unpredictable changes were detected in the orbital motion and in the stage light curve. Therefore, the formation of newly discovered fragments cannot be associated with the catastrophic destruction of the “parent objects”.

[1] Shustov B.M., Dluzhnevskaya O.B., Rykhlova L.V., Tutukov A.V. Lidery otechestvennoy astronomii: prof. A.G. Masevich [Leaders of Russian astronomy: prof. A.G. Masevich]. In: Sbornik trudov konferentsii «Zvezdy i sputniki», posviashchennoy 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya A.G. Masevich [Proceedings of the conference “Stars and satellites” dedicated to the 100th anniversary of A.G. Masevich]. Moscow, Yanus-K Publ., 2018, pp. 3–12.
[2] Anisimov V.D., Batyr G.S., Menshikov A.V., Shilin V.D. Sistema kontrolya kosmicheskogo prostranstva [Space surveillance system]. Korporatsiya «Vympel». Sistemy raketno-kosmicheskoy oborony [Vympel Corporation. Rocket and space defense systems]. Moscow, Oruzhie i tekhnologii Publ., 2004, 242 p.
[3] Molotov I.E., Sun R.Yu., Zhang C., Barres de Almeida U., Zakhvatkin M.V., Titenko V.V., Streltsov A.I., Mokhnatkin A.V., Kokina T.N., Elenin L.V. Rossiysko-kitayskie nablyudeniya fragmentov razrusheniya raketnoy stupeni «Tsentavr» — pervy shag k seti observatorii BRIKS [Russian-Chinese observations of fragments of the destruction of the Centaur rocket stage are the first step to the network of BRICS observatories]. In: Vserossiyskaya nauchnaya konferentsiya “Kosmicheskiy musor: fundamentalnye i prakticheskie aspekty ugrozy”: Sbornik trudov. [Proceedings of the conference “Space Debris: Fundamental and Practical Aspects of the Threat”]. L.M. Zelenyi, B.M. Shustov, eds. Moscow, IKI RAS Publ., 2019 pp. 95–102.
[4] Shilin V.D., Lukyanov A.P., Molotov I.E., et al. Ekologicheskiy vestnik nauchnykh tsentrov Chernomorskogo ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva — Ecological Bulletin of Research Centers of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, 2013, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 171–175.
[5] Molotov I.E., Agapov V.M., Kouprianov V.V., et al. Izvestiya Glavnoy astronomicheskoy observatorii v Pulkove (Bulletin of the Central Astronomical Observatory at Pulkovo), 2009, vol. 219, no. 1, pp. 233–248.
[6] Molotov I.E., Voropaev V.A., Yudin A.N., et al. Ekologicheskiy vestnik nauchnykh tsentrov Chernomorskogo ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva — Ecological Bulletin of Research Centers of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, 2018, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 110–116.
[7] Lukyanov A.P., Lagutkin V.N., Maltsev A.V., et al. Ekologicheskiy vestnik nauchnykh tsentrov Chernomorskogo ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva — Ecological Bulletin of Research Centers of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, 2013, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 101–105.
[8] Voropaev V., Molotov I., Zakhvatkin M., et al. Recent developments of the KIAM Space Debris database for space situation awareness and conjunction analysis. In: Proceedings of the 69th International Astronautical Congress, Bremen, Germany, October 1–5, 2018. 2018, IAC-18, A6,7,5,x48262, 7 p.
[9] Borovin G.K., Zakhvatkin M.V., Stepanyants V.A., Usovik I.V. Preprinty IPM im. M. V. Keldysha — Keldysh Institute Preprints, 2018, no. 85, 16 p.
[10] Akim E.L., Agapov V.M., Molotov I.E., Stepanyants V.A. Issledovaniya kosmicheskogo musora na vysokikh okolozemnykh orbitakh, provodimye Institutom prikladnoy matematiki im. M.V. Keldysha RAN [Studies of space debris in high earth orbits conducted by Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, RAS. In: Sbornik statey «Prakticheskie shagi po snizheniyu tekhnogennogo zasoreniya okolozemnogo kosmicheskogo prostranstva» [Coll. papers “Practical steps to reduce technogenic contamination of near-earth space”]. Moscow, Roscosmos Publ., 2010, pp. 16–21.
[11] Bazey A.A., Bazey N.V., Borovin G.K., Zolotov V.E., et al. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie i chislennye metody — Mathematical Modeling and Computational Methods, 2015, no. 1, pp. 83–93.
[12] Rosengren A., Scheeres D. Long-term Dynamics of HAMR Objects in HEO. Presented at: the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 2012, Paper AIAA 2012-4745.
[13] Agapov V., Khutorovsky Z., Molotov I. Comparison of physical properties of GEO and HEO objects tracking by ISON derived from multiyear observation statistics. In: 63rd International Astronautical Congress, IAC2012 Proceedings, Naples, Italy. 2012, Paper-Nr: IAC-12, A6,1,4,x16001, 6 p.
[14] Lemmens S. Classification of Geosynchronous Objects. ESA Space Debris Office, 2017, iss. 19, 178 p.
[15] Delta IV Launch Services User’s Guide. United Launch Alliance, LLC/United Launch Services, LLC, 2013, 293 p.